Annually worldwide, diagnostic radiation affects over 3600 million people, WHO reports. These people either work in facilities that use man-made radiation, such as in health care, manufacturing and research institutions, and nuclear industries; or are exposed to natural radiation, especially in mining, construction and aviation-related occupations.
Government Regulation and Licensing
Following recommendations of and health concerns from the international community from increasing levels of exposure to nuclear radiation, the government now facilitates regulations to make nuclear materials safe, in line with standards of International Atomic Energy Agency.
Further, licensing organizations regulate applications of nuclear substances and devices in all sectors of the economy to ensure people in the nuclear industry and others that work in other nuclear facilities, work within allowable limits of the amount of radiation.
Exposure to nuclear energy poses a risk for both the general public living around nuclear facilities and those that work with man-made radiation. Nuclear radiation, in form of cosmic rays, is also a major concern for people who spend most of their time in (or flying) planes, not to mention radon exposure for miners.
With the looming dangers of nuclear energy, you, therefore, require protection from nuclear radiation. Workers in the affected occupations should also enjoy energy worker benefits to cover risks of exposure to radiation in their workplaces.
Exposure to radiation above the set dose limits has stochastic and deterministic effects, such as cancer and cataracts, respectively. It is, however, difficult to attribute cancer to a specific dose since it results from exposure to lower doses of radiation over a period. Health agencies report that acute doses can even cause sterility.
Nuclear regulators, together with health agencies that are concerned with radiation, use the Linear No-Threshold risk model to determine limits of exposure to radiation for both workers and the public. The regulated dose limit is usually below the lower boundary of unacceptable exposure, which is 50 millisieverts per year (50 mSv/year), and 100 mSv for five years and over. It is important that you use the dose limits to approach radiation protection and to determine your energy worker benefits.