Restorative Dental Options for Different Types of Teeth Wear

Girl having a dental check up

Tooth wear refers to the loss of your tooth surface by means other than injury or decay. Physiologic tooth wear occurs in some people as they age, and is normal. Pathologic tooth wear, on the other hand, is caused by various detrimental habits.

Tooth wear is one of the most common dental issues treated at dental clinics in Somerville and other areas in the U.S. Tooth sensitivity, cracks, chips, and short teeth are among the typical signs of worn teeth. Here are the different types of tooth wear and the various restorative options:

Abrasion

This form of tooth wear results from an interaction of your teeth with other materials, which scrap and rub against them. Traumatic tooth brushing, improper application of retainers or partial dentures, nail-biting, and inappropriate use of toothpicks are among the common causes of abrasion. Crowns, veneers, and dental bonding are among the restorative options for teeth worn out by abrasion.

Erosion

This type of wear is caused by contact between your tooth enamel and dietary or gastric acid. Patients with acid reflux and those who consume highly acidic drinks like soft drinks are at high risk of enamel erosion. Veneers, crowns, and bonding can restore mild cases of enamel erosion. Severe cases might require dental implants. Swishing water after consuming highly acidic drinks can help minimize their detrimental effect on your teeth enamel.

Attrition

This is caused by direct contact between your teeth. It is common in people with bruxism and people who consume hard foods. Teeth that are worn out by attrition appear short and flat. Dental veneers and crowns are the standard restorative dentistry options. Mouth guards are an ideal treatment for attrition caused by bruxism.

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Failure to seek immediate treatment for worn teeth leads to other significant problems. You have an increased risk of tooth decay, periodontal disease, and tooth loss. Tooth wear also causes gross facial changes from the shortened teeth.