Over one fifth of adults in Australia have moderate to severe gum disease. When caught early it can be reversed but, left untreated, gum disease can ultimately lead to tooth loss. Once tooth loss occurs, time spent in the dental chair and dental expenses start to rack up. Understanding what gum disease is and how to spot signs of it can enable patients to get the help they need.
Certain dental practices in Australiah ave invested years of additional training to hone their skills on tackling gum disease in Perth in all its forms. Examples of such practices include Elite Perio.
Gum disease and its different names
Gum disease is also known as gingivitis and periodontitis. They both refer to inflammation of the gums, with gingivitis being the early stage and periodontitis being the more advanced stage.
Gingivitis can be completely reversed if patients get the treatment they need as soon as possible. Periodontitis can also be treated but because it not only affects the gums but the surrounding bone and ligaments, treatment is more involved and, in some cases, the lost bone can’t be rebuilt.
Patients should therefore always keep an eye out for signs of gum disease. In Perth dentists can provide the treatment they need, but only if patients keep up with regular visits to the dentist where early signs can be picked up or if patients come into the practice as soon as they are worried that something is wrong.
What are the signs of gum disease?
There are many different symptoms of gum disease. Patients may experience one, several or many of the symptoms below:
- Sore, red, itchy, sensitive and/or swollen gums;
- Bleeding after brushing, flossing or eating tough, chewy foods;
- Gums that are noticeably shrinking back from the teeth;
- Teeth that have shifted their positions;
- A change in the way the teeth bite together;
- Pus between the gums and teeth;
- Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth.
If patients notice any of the above symptoms, then it is time to see a dentist in Perth; gum disease may not be the cause, but odds are there is something amiss with their oral health that needs to be addressed.